Scientific Track

List of Tracks

  • Corona Virus (COVID - 19) is a large family of viruses that cause illness differing from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Corona virus is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. Corona virus is zoonotic disease which is transmitted between animals and people.

  • Cancers are a large family of diseases that involve abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. They form a subset of neoplasms. A neoplasm or tumor is a group of cells that have undergone unregulated growth and will often form a mass or lump, but may be distributed diffusely. All tumor cells show the six hallmarks of cancer. These characteristics are required to produce a malignant tumor. They include Cell growth and division absent the proper signals and continuous growth and division even given contrary signals. The progression from normal cells to cells that can form a detectable mass to outright cancer involves multiple steps known as malignant progression.

  • Different types of cancers tend to metastasize to particular organs, but overall the most common places for metastases to occur are the lungs, liver, brain and the bones. The major types of Cancer are Breast Cancer, Skin Cancer, Lymphoma, Leukemia, Gynaecologic Cancers, Uterus Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Vulvar Cancer, Eye Cancer, Brain Cancer, Bone Cancer, Blood Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Liver Cancer, etc. The type of cancer a person has needed to be known properly as different types of cancer can behave very differently and respond to different treatments.

  • Cancer stem cells are cancer cells that possess characteristics associated with normal stem cells, specifically the ability to give rise to all cell types found in a particular cancer sample. Cancer stem cells are therefore tumorigenic, perhaps in contrast to other non-tumorigenic cancer cells. Stem Cell treatments of Cancer. If you have leukemia or lymphoma, you may need a stem cell transplant. These cells help replace cells damaged by the cancer. They also let your body recover faster from intense chemotherapy and radiation treatments. A cancer biomarker refers to a substance or process that is indicative of the presence of cancer in the body. A biomarker may be a molecule secreted by a tumor or a specific response of the body to the presence of cancer. Ideally, such biomarkers can be assayed in non- invasively collected biofluids like blood or serum.

  • Cancer immunology is a related field of biology that deals with understanding the role of the immune system in the process and development of cancer cell. A pathology report is a medical report that gives information about a detection of disease, such as cancer.

  • The development of diagnosis method with AI and Robotics will help to reduce the number of late stage cancer diagnoses. Better imaging, robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) will form part of new developed international research to detect cancer at its earliest stage. It also aims to develop complete new strategies for detecting the cancer.

  • A mutagen is a substance or agent that induces heritable change in cells or organisms. A carcinogen is a substance that induces unregulated growth processes in cells or tissues of multicellular animals, leading to the disease called cancer. Carcinogenesis, also called oncogenesis or tumorigenesis, is the formation of a cancer, whereby normal cells are transformed into cancer cells. The process is characterized by changes at the cellular, genetic, and epigenetic levels and abnormal cell division. Mutagenesis is a process by which the genetic information of an organism is changed, resulting in a mutation. It may occur spontaneously in nature or as a result of exposure to mutagens. It can also be achieved experimentally using laboratory procedures.

  • Cancer nanotechnology is a branch of nanotechnology concerned with the application of both nanomaterials such as nanoparticles for tumour imaging or drug delivery) and nanotechnology approaches (such as nanoparticle-based theranostics to the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. For instance, nanoparticles can be used as tumor-destroying hyperthermia agents that are injected into the tumor and then be activated to produce heat and destroy cancer cells locally either by magnetic fields, X-Rays or light. A method being developed to fight bladder cancer uses nanoparticles called micelles to deliver a chemotherapy drug called paclitaxel to bladder cancer cells.

  • Cancer genomics is currently in an exciting and fast-paced topic, with advances in sequencing technologies, computational approaches and tumor models, understanding of cancer processes, and the application of new methods to studying cancer holds great promise for developing important breakthroughs in cancer treatment and prevention.

  • Cancer genetics is the study in humans and other animals of heritable gene variants that cause or confer altered risk of tumour or hematological malignancy. Scientists have discovered inherited gene mutations for certain types of cancer, including: adrenal gland cancer, bone cancer, brain and spinal cord cancers. Cancer is a genetic disease that is, cancer is caused by certain changes to genes that control the way our cells function, especially how they grow and divide. Genes carry the instructions to make proteins, which do much of the work in our cells.

  • Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control. There are different kinds of breast cancer. Breast cancer can spread outside the breast through blood vessels and lymph vessels. When breast cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it is said to have metastasized.

  • Cancer nursing can be defined as nursing which is concerned with the care of cancer patients of all ages, whatever type of cancer they suffer from, and whatever the stage of their illness. Palliative care refers to an interdisciplinary medical care giving approach aimed at optimizing quality of life and mitigating suffering among people with serious, complex illness. Palliative care is whole-person care that relieves symptoms of a disease or disorder, whether or not it can be cured. Hospice is a specific type of palliative care for people who likely have 6 months or less to live.

  • Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. As specialists, they have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers.

  • Cancer Pharmacology focuses on developing experimental approaches to the clinical treatment of cancer through research that bridges the fields of molecular carcinogenesis, biochemical pharmacology, radiation biology, and clinical pharmacology.

  • The medical specialty concerned with radiation for the diagnosis and treatment of disease, including both ionizing radiation such as X-rays and nonionizing radiation such as ultrasound. Also known as roentgenology. Radiologist is a medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating disease and injury, using medical imaging techniques such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET), fusion imaging, and ultrasound.

  • Cancer vaccine contains cancer cells, parts of cells, or pure antigens. The vaccine increases the immune response against cancer cells that are already present in the body, in contrast to vaccines for diseases that are designed to prevent infection.

  • A cancer cell is a cell that grows out of control. Unlike normal cells, cancer cells ignore signals to stop dividing, to specialize, or to die and be shed. Growing in an uncontrollable manner and unable to recognize its own natural boundary, the cancer cells may spread to areas of the body where they do not belong. The epidemiology of cancer is the study of the factors affecting cancer, as a way to infer possible trends and causes. The study of cancer epidemiology uses epidemiological methods to find the cause of cancer and to identify and develop improved treatments.

  • Cancer treatment is the use of surgery, radiation, medications and other therapies to cure a cancer shrink a cancer or stop the progression of a cancer. Many cancer treatments exist. Depending on your particular situation, you may receive one treatment or you may receive a combination of treatments. Cancer can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy and synthetic lethality. The choice of therapy depends upon the location and grade of the tumor and the stage of the disease, as well as the general state of the patient.

  • Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti- cancer drugs as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent, or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms. With some cancers, chemotherapy can't cure the cancer on its own. But it can help in combination with other types of treatment. For example, many people with breast or bowel cancer have chemotherapy after surgery to help lower the risk of the cancer coming back. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one of the most powerful chemotherapy drugs ever invented. It can kill cancer cells at every point in their life cycle, and it's used to treat a wide variety of cancers.

  • Cancer Prevention and Control includes observational, laboratory and clinical studies of prevention methods to identify new approaches to early detection and better strategies to reduce cancer incidence, recurrence, progression and death. To reduce risk of getting cancer by making healthy choices like keeping a healthy weight, avoiding tobacco, limiting the amount of alcohol you drink, and protecting your skin.

  • A biopsy is the main way doctors diagnose most types of cancer. Other tests can suggest that cancer is present, but only a biopsy can make a diagnosis. During a biopsy, a doctor removes a small amount of tissue to examine under a microscope. In some cases, a biopsy of normal-appearing tissue may be done. This can help check for cancer spread or rejection of a transplanted organ. In most cases, a biopsy is done to diagnose a problem or to help determine the best therapy option.

  • A primary goal of integrative computational biology analysis in individualized medicine is to identify small groups of genes/proteins/microRNAs, etc., that can be used to improve diagnosis, predict outcome or predict treatment response, i.e., to identify prognostic or predictive signatures.

  • Good nutrition is important for cancer patients. Nutrition is a process in which food is taken in and used by the body for growth, to keep the body healthy, and to replace tissue. ... Eating the right kinds of foods before, during, and after cancer treatment can help the patient feel better and stay stronger.